Albert P. Blaustein
Constitutionalism can be traced back at least to Plato
But modern contitutionalism began in 1638, when four Connecticut
river plantations created a constitution and a political state.
then, virtually every country in the world has adopted a constitution:
a written plan of government. Only three democratic countries
- The United Kingdom, Israel, and New Zealand - have yet to
adopt a single-document constitution. Three others - Oman, Libya,
and Saudi Arabia - claim the Holy Qu'ran (Muslim
scripture) as their constitutions.
U.S. Constitution, written in 1787, was the first
national constitution, and the most influential of all.
Yet fourteen state constitutions preceded it. Poland's
constitution was second, in 1791, and France was third (four
months later). Only 13 existing constitutions, were written
War II; more than two-thirds have been written
since 1970. The U.S. Constitution is the most long-lived; at
the other extreme, the Dominican Republic adopted 31 constitutions
between 1844 and 1966.
the significant constitutions discussed in this presentation are
the following (especially important ones are in bold type):
United States (1787)
France (1791, 1793, 1795; 1799, 1814; 1848, 1852,
1870, 1946, 1958)
Spain (Cadiz 1812; 1833, 1978)
Argentina, Chile, Colombia, Venezuela (1811)
Germany (Frankfurt 1848; 1870; Weimar 1919; 1949)
Japan (Meiji 1889; 1947)
Russia (Czarist 1906;
Soviet Union 1918, 1977)
Republic of China (1912)
THE NARRATOR AND AUTHOR:
late, Albert P. Blaustein, was considered one of the
world's foremost experts on international constitutionalism.
He consulted to draft constitutions for Zimbabwe, Liberia, Bangladesh,
Cambodia, Peru and Fiji. He also advised Poland, South Africa,
Hungary, Romania, Niger, Uganda, Trinidad and Tobago with their
constitiutions. His credits also include co-editor of an encyclopedic
20-volume collection, Constitutions of the Countries of the
Time: About three hours total.
Narrated and written by:
Professor Albert P. Blaustein
Publisher: Knowledge Products, Inc.
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